Before you can even start, just consider one thing, your back has whole lot of big muscles. It might be controversial, but traps too take huge part of back, then there are lats, smaller muscles like rhomboids, and little yet delicate muscles. Training back muscle will require more precise and correct back workout routine for your choice. Given below is the simple yet effective beginner’s back workout routine. Don’t worry, even if you are advance lifter, basics are always important.
Back Workout Warmup
While you think that a bunch of pull up and chin up first thing in the gym is ideal, it is not. The idea here is when you straight jump into the pull ups, your shoulder is compromised. Pull ups as warm up is bad for your shoulder. Yes you can incorporate it in your workout, but once your body is properly warmed up.
For warm up, you can do these:
- Warm your shoulders with arm circles.
- Warm your scapula by doing bunch of cat pose
- Touch toes
- Very light rear delt raises
Perform few sets of these and you are warmed and your body is ready for torture.
Workout Routine for Back
Here is a routine, the basic one, you can do to target your overall back muscles. I like to start with the compounds first. It is also ideal because you can lift more and target more muscles by compound exercise.
Any variation of deadlift will work just fine. Barbell deadlift is the king of all back workout of all time. It not only works your back, but also your glutes, hamstrings, quads, calves, shoulders, arms etc. It is a total mass and strength builder. Read about the barbell deadlift here Barbell Deadlift.
- Barbell Bentover Row
Bentover Row, no matter barbell version or dumbbell version, will work you lats effectively. Changing grip in barbell version will help you target specific area of lat while dumbbell will give you overall stretch and squeeze.
- T-Bar Row
T-Bar row for me is basically upper back movement. It engages a lot of upper back throughout the exercise. There are different grips and width, you can work these movement with.
As the name suggests, it works your lats. Grip-width won’t matter much but some say it will make the mind muscle connection stronger. Grip variation will definitely target different area of lat, throw in some variation every now and then.
These can be done on either day, shoulder or back. Engaging traps in back day while it is already engaged in most of the exercise will give you good contraction.Again, there are many variation to it, choose your style and that works for you more.
- Pull-ups and Chin-ups
Believe me, this can be a great finisher. Burning up those muscles with as many as you can will leave you drenched in sweat. Your back is screaming by now and you know, you did a great job when you feel so.
Also Read: Lats Workout at Home
Quick Back Workout Routine Recap
- Deadlift:- 3-4 sets with moderate 8-12 reps
- Barbell Bentover Row:- 3-4 sets with controlled 8-10 reps
- T-Bar Row:- 3 sets of screaming 10-12 reps
- Lat-Pulldown:- 4 sets with light and controlled eccentric 10-12 reps
- Shrugs:- 4 sets of light and squeezing 12-15 reps
- Pull-ups and Chin-ups:- Till you can’t continue any more
Back Workout Variations
There is pretty much variation for every exercise. You can switch grip for some, control tempo for some or tools for some. Some of the variations you can apply are as follows.
- Varying Grips
Like in rows, pulldowns and all, you can switch between supinated (palms facing you) and pronated (palms facing away from you). This will result in isolating different muscles with better contraction.
- Varying Tempo
Tempo stands for how slow or fast you do your workouts. Tempo sometimes determine which kind of muscle fiber is being recruited. There are fast twitch and slow twitch muscle fiber which work with different tempo.
- Varying Tools
For tools, you can switch from machine to barbell to dumbbells to kettle bells. The choice is yours. While dumbbells will require equal stability from your both halves, barbell works both halves in unison, while machine takes stability factor all out.
These three will cover almost any variation that you would like to do in your workout.
This is not the ultimate back building workout routine that no one else can suggest you. To be honest, once you know what exercise works which part of your muscles, you can easily determine how you are going to target your muscle. Be wise, don’t ego lift, try out all exercises with proper form and continue the one that suits you the best. For more info, you can checkout Bodybuilding.com website.